Adrenalectomy is removal of the adrenal gland.

It is performed for adrenal tumors which may be benign or malignant.

Some of the adrenal tumors produce excess hormones and can result in hypertension, obesity, metabolic disorders and virilization in women.

Adrenalectomy can be done by open method or laparoscopically. Laparoscopy is the preferred approach in tumors upto 8 cm and those which are thought to be benign.

Adrenalectomy can be unilateral or bilateral.

Common indications for adrenalectomy are

  1. Cushings syndrome due to adrenal tumor
  2. Conns syndrome
  3. Pheochromocytoma
  4. Non functional adrenal incidentaloma
  5. Failed pituitary surgery for Cushings disease